Voluntary Association for Rural Development (VARD) runs its major parts of development activities in Sylhet division, which still belongs to relatively untouched area, sufficient local development institutions did not emerge, government initiatives have been as else where rudimentary, the gap between poor and rich rise social imbalance, high degree of conservatism and significant influence of fundamental have hindered the process of development in the Sylhet division.
Child and adult education is low, high dropouts are normal phenomena, health facilities and health centers are inadequate, family planning services are poorly available, hygienic sanitation practice is alarming form, access to safe drinking water is scare and credit for the poor is not accessible. Natural water flow is disrupted. Natural calamities like flash flood and earthquake are frequent phenomena, siltation of rivers and canals results in water logging and flash floods, risk reduction activities are not effective in terms of mass awareness on disaster risk reduction & management, relief & rehabilitation, social terrorism region over laws, people are vulnerable to easy drug availability, local cottage industry is diminishing due to missing market linkage, lack of capital and lack of modern production technology, people are not aware about sustainable livestock. Tea garden workers are traditionally living as quasi slaves. Government's khasland policy is influenced by the encroachers and influential people. The infrastructure facilities in the area are underdeveloped, social and religious leaders do not actively participate in the development activities.